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LAPIS LAZULI

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LAPIS LAZULI

Lapis lazuli este o roca, nu minereu, ce are la baza mai multe elemente : lazurit, sodalit, calcit, pirita. Numele este format din "lapis", denumirea latina pentru "piatra" si "lazuli" cuvantul persan "lashuward" care inseamna "cer", cerul fiind albastru  - rezulta denumirea de  "piatra albastra" sau "piatra cerului".

   Se spune ca este una dintre cele mai vechi pietre de pe pamant; unele culturi stravechi pretuiau lapis lazuli mai mult decat aurul. In orient, cele mai vechi urme ale utilizarii pietrei de lapis lazuli dateaza din secolul IX I.H, dovada fiind bijuteriile si sculpturile gasite in valea Indusului si in Mesopotamia, dar si obiecte egiptene. Descoperirile arheologice au atestat si comertul infloritor cu lapis lazuli, care se realiza din Egipt pana in India, atat pe cale maritima (pe fluviile Tigru si Eufrat catre India), cat si terestra, pe celebrul Drum al Matasii. Egiptenii priveau lapis lazuli ca pe o piatra venita din ceruri si de multe ori au folosit-o la crearea statuilor de zeitati si pentru masti de ingropaciune, ca mijloc de protectie in viata de apoi. Aceasta piatra a fost folosita in multe piese renumite in intreaga istorie, inclusiv la masca lui Tutankhamon sau King Tut. Egiptenii foloseau lapis lazuli si pentru sigilii cilindrice.

   Europa occidentala a facut cunostinta cu piatra lapis lazuli destul de tarziu...

   Din cele mai vechi timpuri, lapis lazuli a fost folosit ca pigment. In Egiptul antic, lapis lazuli era sfaramat, pisat marunt si utilizat, de femei, ca fard. Treptat, folosirea pietrei de lapis lazuli a devenit o adevarata industrie. In secolul al VI-lea, in oazele din Drumul Matasii, la Samarkand si in China, praful de lapis lazuli era folosit ca pigment pentru realizarea frescelor. Apoi, in Europa medievala, lapis lazuli, cunoscut pe continent si ca ultramarin, a servit ca pigment pentru miniaturi si picturi, in timp ce, odata cu Renasterea bizantina din secolul al X-lea, in bisericile din Georgia si din Armenia sute de metri patrati au fost acoperiti cu lapis lazuli. Se spune ca celebra nuanta de la Manastirea Voronet a fost obtinuta pe baza acestei roci.

   Valoarea acestui cristal in lumea artei este incomensurabila, ultramarinul Vechilor Stapani nefiind altceva decat veritabilul lapis lazuli. Era folosit in compozitia acuarelei, temperei si vopselelor in ulei. De exemplu, multe dintre picturile cu Madonna, au fost create cu o astfel de vopsea. Spre deosebire de ceilalti pigmenti de aceeasi culoare, albastrul ultramarin nu isi pierde stralucirea. In zilele noastre, pigmentul obtinut din lapis lazuli este folosit, cu precadere, de catre colectionarii lucrarilor istorice si in procesul de restaurare. Cristalul trebuie protejat de substantele acide si de expunerea indelungata la lumina.

   Lapis lazuli este o piatra universala si populara care a demonstrat o stabilitate demna de apreciat in lumea capricioasa a modei. Si nu e deloc surprinzator, de vreme ce a fascinat atat barbatii, cat si femeile, timp de mii de ani prin culorile sale fabuloase si acele puncte aurii create de pirita. Se mai poate spune ca aceasta piatra a devenit piata ornamentala principala pentru inelele barbatesti. Este una dintre cele mai populare pietre in lumea barbatilor, a doua dupa onixul negru.

Culoare : albastru intens (de Voronet), de la albastru deschis in care predomina albul pana la albastru inchis, cu mici urme de calcit (albe) si mici incluziuni de un auriu ce pare ca vibreaza, conferindu-i pietrei magia unui cer instelat, ce nu sunt din aur, cum cred unii, ci din pirita. Prezenta piritei  permite diferentierea unui veritabil lapis lazuli de o simpla imitatie. In plus, prezenta sau absenta piritei din formula creste valoarea comerciala a pietrei. Compozitia si culoarea  variaza de la o piatra la alta, dar in general are culoarea albastru inchis intens, care este considerata culoarea de cea mai buna calitate. Culoarea albastru se intalneste rar in stare naturala; desi exista multe minerale care au o culoare albastru spre verde, doar lapis lazuli ofera spectacolul inegalabil al unui albastru profund.

Duritate : 5 - 5,5;

Formula chimica : Na3CaAl3Si3O12S;

Provenienta : Afganistan, Siberia, Pakistan, Argentina, Chile (unde lapis lazuli este si piatra nationala a statului), SUA, Canada, Birmania;

Efecte :

   Multe persoane din lumea intreaga asociaza lapis lazuli cu prietenia adevarata, spunandu-se despre minunata piatra albastra ca intretine armonia relatiilor interpersonale.

    Unele persoane pot simti ameteli sau pot  avea o stare de apasare atunci cand poarta lapis lazuli. Este recomandat profesiunilor  legate de: dans, muzica, teatru, spiritualitate, biserica; este piatra scriitorilor, oratorilor sau a celor care comunica mult in scris sau verbal.

   Lapis lazuli este un purificator al creierului si al sufletului, este o piatra psihica, spirituala. Este simbolul regalitatii si contribuie la atingerea perfectiunii prin deschiderea celui de-al treilea ochi, ceea ce ne face sa intelegem lumea altfel, la iluminarea spirituala, la dobandirea intelepciunii, la intelegerea adevarului, la deschiderea spirituala, la o intelegere impartiala a lucrurilor.

   Pe langa avantajele emotionale pe care le ofera (pace interioara, succes in dragoste, prietenie, protectie, bucurie, curaj, optimism, increderea de sine), lapis lazuli confera noroc si castiguri financiare posesorului. Prin proprietatile sale energetice, acest cristal stimuleaza creativitatea, comunicativitatea verbala si memoria. Are un puternic rol protector, fereste de rau si pericol, protejeaza impotriva atacurilor psihice si impotriva energiilor negative. Confera o stare de bine generala, fortifica si vitalizeaza organismul, benefic pentru digestie, sistemul nervos, sistemul urinar, auz,  corzi vocale, tiroida, esofag, timus, gat, maduva oaselor, muschi, benefic  in caz de dureri, inflamatii, febra, depresie, melancolie, nevralgie, spasm, anxietate, tensiune, insomnie, probleme de circulatie, nastere, tuberculoza, nevroze, agitatie, vertij, ameteala, hemoroizi, tuse, arsuri, autism, ajuta la gasirea cauzelor bolilor mai ciudate, mareste virilitatea, previne problemele cardiace,asezat peste ochi in sedinte de durata - imbunatateste vederea.

   Cei care poarta aceasta piatra vor reusi in viata prin forta iubirii, prin capacitatea lor de a darui iubire neconditionata, prin increderea pe care o transmit lumii. Nu trebuie purtata de diabetici.

  Desi puterile vindecatoare ale pietrelor pretioase  si semipretioase raman un subiect controversat, lapis lazuli se considera a se numara printre pietrele cu efecte benefice, mentionate de secole de catre vindecatori si samani.